Babies go through a lot of changes in the first year of their life. Apart from physical development, they also go through a lot of mental and social changes. These changes happen during a certain time during the baby’s growth. These major changes in a baby’s life are called developmental milestones.
Every parent should have a good understanding of the developmental milestones. This lets you know what to expect at each stage and seek help when needed.
What Are the Classifications of Baby Milestones?
Baby milestones can be classified into three.
- Motor development: This refers to the physical growth of the baby. This includes strengthening of the baby’s body, and the baby’s ability to move and hold things.
- Speech development: This refers to the baby’s hearing and how they respond to it orally. During the initial stages, speech development involves making small sounds. But as the baby grows, this sound changes into illegible words.
- Social/emotional development: This refers to the ability of the baby to interact with others. Baby smiling at a known person or playing with others are examples of social development.
What Are the Major Developmental Milestones of a Baby?
By the time the baby is one month old, you can notice him bringing the hands closer to the mouth and eyes. The baby’s neck still needs support while holding. But when you make the baby lie on the tummy, he/she lifts the head slightly. The baby’s hand will always be in a tight fist.
The baby’s hearing is fully developed by this time. The baby can recognize some sound, though it cannot make out the source. If the baby hears a familiar sound it turns its head.
- Second month
The baby can now bring both the hands together and stare at it. Some babies even manage to bring the hands straight to the mouth. The baby can hold the neck slightly up if he is made to lie on the tummy.
Since the baby’s hearing is fully developed, the baby can hear what you say. Sometimes she might even reply with a “coo”ing sound.
- Third month
This is the first major milestone when the baby starts rolling over. The baby slowly turns towards the side and tries to roll over to the tummy. You should be extra careful at this stage and never leave the baby unattended when awake.
The baby starts smiling and babbling when he is three months. He is fascinated by bright colored objects like toys and things that make sound. Add some toys to your monthly Yalla Baby Bundle.
- Fourth month
Once the baby is four months old, he starts playing by himself. The baby uses his eyes and hands a lot to play and grasp things. Whatever he comes across, he is sure to put it in the mouth. He can hold the head straight while lying on the tummy or when you hold him upright.
When you talk to the baby he tries to mimic you by making similar sounds. You should talk to the baby almost every day to develop his speech. You can point to objects and name it.
- Fifth month
The baby at this stage makes efforts to crawl forward. He might even turn the head and look back when you call. Whatever he comes across, he is sure to put it in the mouth. By the time the baby is five months old, he can hold his head for long. But the legs are yet to get full strength for the baby to walk.
The baby is now able to recognize people who are close to him. He even points when you name them. Their expression at this stage becomes more distinct. You can even make that out by closely watching him.
- Sixth month
This is the time when two major milestones take place – teething (Great teethers available at Yalla Baby) and sitting. Teething can cause difficulty for some babies like fever and pain. Some others pass this stage without much difficulty.
Now that the baby recognizes you very well, he might become clingy. Some babies even show separation anxiety when you leave them for a short time. The baby might refuse to go to strangers as he feels uncomfortable.
- Seventh month
If your baby has not started crawling, he will most probably do it in the seventh month. He might stand on his knees and arms and rock back and forth. The baby is now able to grasp small objects with his little fingers. Hence, you should be careful not to leave small and dangerous things at arm’s length.
- Eight month
Your baby will attempt to stand with support. You can encourage him by placing a toy on a chair or sofa.
The baby will also start uttering small words. You can develop his vocabulary by showing him colorful picture books.
- Ninth month
Babies at this stage are naturally curious. They examine whatever they come across inducing books and utensils. They even tend to put things in the mouth to taste. Hence, you should always keep objects away from the baby’s reach.
- Tenth month
Babies at this stage are more playful. Most babies can stand on their own, some even without support. Their level of inquisitiveness increases, so does the chances of accidents. It is best to install safety gates and guards around the house to protect your baby.
- Eleventh month
The baby becomes more mobile at this stage and starts moving around on his own. He might try climbing stairs or chairs, which can be dangerous. The baby can feed on his own using a spoon though it can be a messy affair. But you should encourage it by all means.
- Twelfth month
Your baby is now one year old and is more energetic than before. He can utter more legible words like ‘mama’ and ‘dada.’ You should speak to her slowly and more clearly so that she can pick up the language.
As parents, you should keep a close watch on the baby’s milestone. If you feel that something is amiss or if the baby is not behaving as he ought to be, then you should consult his doctor without delay.